Artificial intelligence (AI) is permeating modern society more and more every day. Also, not all are scary. Certain technologies may be used to make life a little easier for people with disabilities, according to some experts.
“The beauty of AI is that with the right data set,[we]can reach our full potential,” says Lisnen, a tech company that uses technology to help deaf people. CEO and Founder Erya Abraham said. Hearing.
Lisnen is a software application designed to automate listening by notifying users of sounds such as fire alarms and door knocks via smart devices.
“I am hard of hearing and have noticed a bit of a gap in using artificial intelligence for people with disabilities,” she said.
“I think it’s all about enabling and giving[people with disabilities]opportunities to actively participate in society,” she said.
Like Abraham, some companies, including Uinclude, are creating “amazing” AI technologies that help fill industry gaps for people with disabilities.
Uinclude is an AI tool for finding biases in job descriptions that, according to Abraham, “looks for keywords, sentences and phrases that may discourage people with disabilities from applying because they have discriminatory terms.” look for ‘.
“People don’t want to disclose[if they have a disability]because they don’t want to be affected.”
According to Uinclude’s website, the tool uses algorithms to help employers incorporate language into their recruitment materials that “makes them inclusive and appealing to people of all backgrounds.”
“Bias hidden in job advertisements can deter talented and talented candidates from applying for positions that are a good fit for them,” the company’s website says. “Our algorithm helps create recruitment materials filled with words empirically shown to entice marginalized groups.”
Another tool called Cognixion allows people with disabilities or limited ability to speak using headsets that can understand what they are saying.
“I think it’s really amazing to use EEG to understand how the brain works (and give someone the power and the tools to be able to communicate),” said Abraham.
Bronwyn Hemsley, director of speech pathology at the University of Technology in Sydney, Australia, also sees the potential of using AI technology to help people with disabilities.
“What about people with disabilities who are disadvantaged in getting job interviews and in having a level playing field for writing, spelling or grammar? What if AI) could be the polish they needed,” she said.
Hemsley refers to ChatGPT, an AI chat bot that has exploded in popularity recently, saying that such technology can expand short sentences, draft replies to emails, adjust the tone of sentences, and enhance conversations. He said that it may be useful to get advice about the triggers of
“I have no doubt it will be used,” she said. “You have to think about the client, the speech pathologist, the client’s family.”
Conversely, Hemsley cautioned to note that AI technologies like ChatGPT are not always right.
In addition, the 2023 Top Risks Report, an annual survey by US-based geopolitical risk analysts within the Eurasia Group, found that rapid advances in AI could lead to widespread misinformation this year. I have.
The report, released on January 3, said the “weapons of massive disruption” emerging from rapid technological change “undermine social trust, empower demagogues and authoritarians, and disrupt business and markets.” It would confuse the
“Large-scale language models like GPT-3 and the soon-to-be-released GPT-4 can reliably pass the Turing Test, the Rubicon for the ability of machines to mimic human intelligence.”
Artificial intelligence can be used to assist people with disabilities, but there are still barriers across technology.
“The big problem with people with disabilities is having access to data that is representative of people with disabilities,” Abraham said.
“Today, many people with disabilities are excluded from society. We cannot participate, and the data required for artificial intelligence requires historical information. It becomes very difficult to do.”
To change this, Abraham wants to make sure people with disabilities are included on the “front line” of the industry.
“We can do better. If we understand that we can bring out the best in AI systems, there is definitely a way to be inclusive,” she said.
In AI, contexts related to disability often have a “negative connotation,” Abraham said.
“It comes from system bias, and that bias is a reflection of our society,” she said.
“We have to address the social barriers, attitudes and prejudices that keep people from entering those rooms in the first place.”
Hemsley also wants people with disabilities to be part of the conversation “from the beginning.”
“They have different life experiences. You don’t realize that your communication partner has to make so many adjustments until you lose that ability,” she said.
Additionally, she wants to make technology more accessible to people with disabilities.
“People with disabilities need funding for the internet and computers,” she said.
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