Autism is a spectrum and as such corresponds to a much different reality. In fact, not all people with autism have the same social functions, IQs, abilities, and interests. However, he has one trait that occurs frequently. It is not only conspicuous in the eyes of the observer, but also incomprehensible and disturbing. It is known as stiming.
The term refers to self-stimulatory behavior.It consists of repetitive behaviors without a clear purpose that help individuals regulate themselves. It is typical behavior and not unique to autism. In fact, it can occur in people with various sensory and neurological deficits, ADHD, and even people with no disabilities at all.
Here’s a discussion of stimuli: Or, on the contrary, should it be understood and respected? We explore both positions below.
As mentioned earlier, the term steaming is Rhythmic, repetitive behavior that is reproduced in a stereotypical way used by individuals to regulate themselves internallyThis self-stimulation involves any of the five senses and can take many forms.
For example, when bored or nervous, people may bite their nails or wrap their hair around their fingers, which is not particularly surprising to the observer. However, if you rock your body rhythmically, flap your hands, or bang your head, the people around you will be quite shocked. But actually the underlying functionality is the same. In fact, the only difference is in the type and intensity of stimulation. As a result, one type is more accepted and normalized than the other.
Different types of stimuli are:
- visual. For example, blink repeatedly.
- Hearing. Makes high-pitched calls and repeats phrases and words.
- Tactile. Rub your skin or tap it with your fingers.
- sense of smell Or taste. Smell or lick things.
- front yard. Jump or rock back and forth.
Understanding self-stimulatory behavior
Stimulation seems aimless, but the truth is that it is a form of self-stimulation and self-satisfaction. adaptation mechanism used by individuals in certain complex and overwhelming situations. Here are some of the main features:
Excitatory or self-stimulating behavior, as the name suggests Helps provide stimulation that individuals are not getting from their environmentFor example, boredom, boredom in a poor environment, or being involved in monotonous activities may resort to this stereotypical behavior.
Stimulation also has the opposite function. Distracting or “protecting” individuals from too stimulating environmentsExtremely bright lights, loud noises, hustle and bustle, crowds, and other similar elements can overload the senses. They are unable to process such stimuli.
Stimulation can therefore help compensate for impaired sensory integration. In addition, it provides relief, relaxation, peace of mind, and well-being.
these actions It also helps when individuals are facing emotional overflowFor example, they may be too demanding of others, stressful or complex social situations, or may not know how to deal with unfamiliar or threatening environments. Stimulation helps regulate those intense emotions and reduce feelings of anxiety.
communication and expression
Finally, stimuli also play an important role in communication and emotional expression.In fact, it is a way for individuals to express their discomfort so that their environment reduces their demands on them or offers help and support. Be an emotional expression, like happiness and joy. After all, it is a means of communication.
Should I stop stimulating?
Traditionally, self-stimulatory or stereotypic behaviors were thought to be controlled and modified. Therefore, an intervention protocol was designed to act on them.However, recently many Professionals, professionals, and adults with autism believe in and defend the idea that stimuli must be understood and respected., in light of the functions it performs for those who perform it. As a matter of fact, this constitutes a very useful and appropriate coping mechanism.
on the other hand, It may be necessary to intervene when irritation occurs. for example:
- if self harm. For example, when an individual hits his head.
- if it distracts them. This makes learning and normal development difficult.
- when it feeds itself. This means that the behavior reinforces itself because it is satisfying. It can make the individual overly narcissistic.Or the behavior can be Increases in frequency and intensity as it interferes It has normal daily functions.
- If you want to be stigmatized. After all, certain stereotypical behaviors are not understood or viewed favorably by society. This can make social relationships difficult for individuals and cause them to suffer rejection.
to intervene or not?
For these reasons, before intervening in self-stimulatory behaviors, it is important to determine whether they cause harm or interference, or, conversely, whether they are useful tools for the individual. No, if intervention is required, it is important to understand the cause of the irritation.of Individuals should be directed to other resources for coping and adjusting themselves From a sensory and emotional point of view.
You can also tell it to take an alternative incompatible action It’s exciting, more accepting, and less intrusive. Likewise, acting on certain environmental factors (such as the degree of stimulus or demand) can be of great help.
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